WALK IN "SURABAYA" INDONESIA (english)
Surabaya was the city multi the ethnic group that just like the culture. It was heterogenous that the ethnic group was in Surabaya, as the ethnic group withered, China, India, Arabian, and Europe. The Indonesian Archipelago ethnic group then dapai was met, like Madura, Sunda, Batak, Kalimantan, Bali, Sulawesi that diffused into the original Surabaya inhabitants formed cultural pluralism that furthermore became the typical characteristics of the Surabaya city. Most Surabaya communities were the Surabaya person original and Madurese.
The typical characteristics of the original Surabaya community were to be easy to socialise. The style of speaking about him really was open. Although apparently like bertemperamen rough, the community was here very democratic, tolerant and happy to help the other person.
In the community's art here liked the attractive movement, dynamic and humoristik.
The movement of the slow dance was not all that accepted here.
The community's majority worked as the official and the trader. In the centre of the city often was met the trade centre and the office complex. In Surabaya often was met the upper-class shop, that sold the thing trapped and had a quality; although of course here many small shops that sold the cheap thing that was covered by the community. The number of travelling salesmen and the stallholder was one of the typical characteristics of the Surabaya city.
The Surabaya city was the long city that developed until achieving his form like at this time. Initially the community remained in the settlement. With the level of population growth 1,2 % a year, of course the requirement would housing was very big the Community could reside in the densely populated settlement or chose to move to real estate that more was arranged. Piiihan the class real estate then very heterogenous. The dwelling was of international standard that was supplemented with the golf course with the tight security also was available here.
Like in any crack in the world, the poor and rich dichotomy of course also happened in Surabaya. But each one could be adjacent peacefully, and did not become the living reason in Surabaya became not more comfortable.
According to the Von Faber hypothesis, Surabaya was established the year 1275 M. by King Kertanegara as the place of the new settlement for his soldier who succeeded in crushing the Kemuruhan revolt the year 1270 M. the other hypothesis said that Surabaya previously was named the ujung Galuh.
On May 31 1293 Raden Wijaya (the Founder of the Majapahit Kingdom) with courage and the spirit and the spirit of heroism succeeded in destroying and expelling the troops of Tar-Tar, the emperor's Mongolian troops from the Majapahit earth. The troops of Tar-Tar left Majapahit through ujung galuh, a village that located on the end north North Surabaya, in the estuary of the river Mas.
In the Trowulan I inscription, the year 1358 M. was expressed that Surabaya (churabhaya) still took the form of the village ditepian the Brantas river as one of the places of important crossing along the Brantas river.
From the year 1483-1542 Surabaya was part of the Demak royal territory. After that approximately 30 Surabaya years were under the authority of Madura supremacy. And between 1570 and 1587 Surabaya was under the dynasty Panjang.
During 1596, Dutch the first time came to East Java under the command of Cornelis Houtman.
The Surabaya role had as the port city been very important since long before. At that time the Kalimas river was the river that was filled by boats that sailed towards the Surabaya corner.
The Surabaya city also really was linked with the revolution of Republic of Indonesia independence. Since the Dutch colonisation and Japan, the Surabaya people (Arek Suroboyo) fought completely to seize independence. His peak in the date l0 in November 1945, Arek Suroboyo succeeded in occupying the Oranye Hotel (now the Mojopahit Hotel) that at that time became the symbol of colonialism. Because of his perseverance, then every time on November 10, Indonesia commemorated him as the Hero's Day.
So as at this time the colonisation period was seen with still was enough the number of old buildings was historic here.
The proclamation on August 17 1945 burnt the spirit arek-arek Surabaya to oppose colonisers, until Surabaya happening the Inferno that became the pioneer of the oppressed nation rose to oppose colonisers.
Recalled heroism arek-arek Surabaya that struggled courageously until the point of final blood, for the sake of the sovereignty and erect him the Indonesian nation goal then was built the Tugu Pahlawan Monument of the Hero who was declared on November 10 1962 by Republic of Indonesia President.
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